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      您當前的位置:首頁(yè) > 技術(shù)文章 > 美國能源部宣布斥資 2.64 億美元進(jìn)行能源 Earthshots™

      美國能源部宣布斥資 2.64 億美元進(jìn)行能源 Earthshots™

      發(fā)布時(shí)間: 2023-10-25  點(diǎn)擊次數: 347次

      美國能源部宣布斥資 2.64 億美元進(jìn)行能源 Earthshots™

      11 個(gè)新的國家實(shí)驗室主導的能源 Earthshot 研究中心和 18 個(gè)大學(xué)項目將應對嚴峻的科學(xué)挑戰,幫助到 2050 年實(shí)現凈零碳,解決氣候危機

      美國能源部 (DOE) 今天宣布為 29 個(gè)項目提供 2.64 億美元的資助,以開(kāi)發(fā)解決方案,應對DOE 的 Energy Earthshots™ 計劃所面臨的科學(xué)挑戰 ,以在十年內推進(jìn)清潔能源技術(shù)。這筆資金將支持由美國能源部國家實(shí)驗室領(lǐng)導的 11 個(gè)新能源 Earthshot 研究中心和 18 個(gè)大學(xué)研究團隊,研究一個(gè)或多個(gè) Energy Earthshots™,重點(diǎn)關(guān)注六個(gè)不同領(lǐng)域,包括工業(yè)脫碳、碳儲存和海上風(fēng)電。美國國務(wù)院發(fā)起了“能源地球倡議",以促進(jìn)脫碳努力,幫助美國實(shí)現總統雄心勃勃的氣候和清潔能源目標,包括到 2030 年碳排放量減少 50%,到 2050 年實(shí)現凈零碳經(jīng)濟。

      美國能源部長(cháng)詹妮弗·M·格蘭霍姆 (Jennifer M. Granholm) 表示:“我們的能源地球計劃是改變游戲規則的努力,旨在釋放清潔能源轉型的技術(shù),并使這些技術(shù)變得容易獲取、負擔得起且豐富。" “能源地球研究中心以及在全國各地大學(xué)校園開(kāi)展的相關(guān)工作將有助于開(kāi)發(fā)我們建立 100% 清潔電網(wǎng)和應對氣候變化所需的清潔能源和脫碳解決方案。"

      Energy Earthshots™ 連接能源部的基礎科學(xué)和能源技術(shù)辦公室,以加速創(chuàng )新,實(shí)現更豐富、負擔得起且可靠的清潔能源解決方案。這些努力旨在改變美國各地的許多部門(mén),并將依靠基礎科學(xué)和創(chuàng )新技術(shù)來(lái)取得成功。

      這 29 個(gè)項目是根據美國能源部的兩項征集,通過(guò)競爭性同行評審選出的:《能源地球研究中心國家實(shí)驗室計劃公告》和《能源地球研究科學(xué)基金會(huì )資助機會(huì )公告》。兩次征集都涵蓋了前六項能源地球射擊: 碳負射擊™、 增強型地熱射擊™、 漂浮海上風(fēng)射擊™、 氫射擊™、 工業(yè)熱射擊™和 長(cháng)時(shí)間儲存射擊™。此后,美國能源部宣布了第七項計劃: 清潔燃料和產(chǎn)品計劃™。

      能源 Earthshots™ 的科學(xué)基礎

      美國能源部科學(xué)辦公室向 14 個(gè)州 18 所不同大學(xué)的研究人員授予了總計 6910 萬(wàn)美元的資金,這些研究人員將研究氫弧等離子體以實(shí)現無(wú)碳煉鋼,以及如何利用百億億次計算機模擬和觀(guān)察使清潔能源系統更具彈性。

      • 亞利桑那州立大學(xué),亞利桑那州坦佩

      • 加州理工學(xué)院,帕薩迪納,加利福尼亞州

      • 佐治亞理工學(xué)院,佐治亞州亞特蘭大

      • 佐治亞州立大學(xué),佐治亞州亞特蘭大

      • 紐約大學(xué), 紐約州, 紐約州

      • 俄亥俄州立大學(xué),俄亥俄州哥倫布市

      • 加州大學(xué)洛杉磯分校,洛杉磯,加利福尼亞州

      • 加州大學(xué)圣克魯斯分校,加利福尼亞州圣克魯斯

      • 佛羅里達大學(xué),佛羅里達州蓋恩斯維爾

      • 夏威夷大學(xué)馬諾阿分校,夏威夷檀香山

      • 伊利諾伊大學(xué)芝加哥分校,伊利諾伊州芝加哥

      • University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois

      • 明尼蘇達大學(xué)雙城分校,明尼蘇達州明尼阿波利斯

      • 內華達大學(xué)里諾分校 , 里諾, 內華達州

      • 賓夕法尼亞大學(xué),賓夕法尼亞州費城

      • 德克薩斯大學(xué)埃爾帕索分校,德克薩斯州埃爾帕索

      • 圣路易斯華盛頓大學(xué),密蘇里州圣路易斯

      • 耶魯大學(xué),康涅狄格州紐黑文

      能源地球研究中心

      能源地球計劃研究中心將支持多機構、多學(xué)科團隊解決與能源地球計劃相關(guān)的關(guān)鍵基礎研究挑戰。這些中心將設在美國能源部的八個(gè)國家實(shí)驗室內,四年內將總共獲得 1.95 億美元的資金。

      阿貢國家實(shí)驗室,萊蒙特,伊利諾伊州

      • C-STEEL:電合成鋼鐵電氣化中心

      布魯克海文國家實(shí)驗室,厄普頓,紐約

      • C4M:EGS 水泥基復合材料耦合化學(xué)力學(xué)中心

      勞倫斯伯克利國家實(shí)驗室,伯克利,加利福尼亞州

      • CIWE:離聚物水電解中心

      • RESTOR-C:通過(guò)精準生物策略恢復土壤碳

      勞倫斯利弗莫爾國家實(shí)驗室,利弗莫爾,加利福尼亞州

      • 土壤改造 EERC:通過(guò)先進(jìn)的基因組學(xué)和地球化學(xué)加速土壤碳減少

      國家可再生能源實(shí)驗室,科羅拉多州戈爾登

      • 度:電熱儲能中的降解反應

      • FLOWMAS:浮動(dòng)海上風(fēng)建模和仿真

      橡樹(shù)嶺國家實(shí)驗室,田納西州橡樹(shù)嶺

      • NEETER:高效反應的非平衡能量轉移

      太平洋西北國家實(shí)驗室,華盛頓州里奇蘭

      • ACE-FWICC:應對能源挑戰:氣候變化中的浮動(dòng)風(fēng)能

      • CUSSP:了解地下信號和滲透率中心

      普林斯頓等離子體物理實(shí)驗室,新澤西州普林斯頓

      • PEHPr:等離子體增強制氫科學(xué)中心

      持續時(shí)間長(cháng)達 4 年的項目的總資金為 2.64 億美元,其中 2023 財年資金為 1 億美元,而年度資金則取決于國會(huì )撥款。項目列表和更多信息可以在 科學(xué)能源地球計劃辦公室 主頁(yè)上找到。

      DOE Announces $264M Energy Earthshots™

      11 New National Lab-Led Energy Earthshot Research Centers and 18 University Projects Will Address Tough Scientific Challenges to Help Achieve Net-Zero Carbon by 2050, Solve Climate Crisis

      September 29, 2023

      The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $264 million in funding for 29 projects to develop solutions for the scientific challenges underlying DOE’s Energy Earthshots™ Initiative to advance clean energy technologies within the decade. The funding will support 11 new Energy Earthshot Research Centers led by DOE National Laboratories and 18 university research teams addressing one or more of the Energy Earthshots™ that are focused on six different areas, including industrial decarbonization, carbon storage, and offshore wind. The Department launched the Energy Earthshots Initiative to spur decarbonization efforts that will help the United States meet President Biden’s ambitious climate and clean energy goals, including a 50% reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 and a net-zero carbon economy by 2050.

      “Our Energy Earthshots are game-changing endeavors to unleash the technologies of the clean energy transition and make them accessible, affordable, and abundant," said U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm. “The Energy Earthshot Research Centers and the related work happening on college campuses around the country will be instrumental in developing the clean energy and decarbonization solutions we need to establish a 100% clean grid and beat climate change."

      The Energy Earthshots™ connect DOE’s basic science and energy technology offices to accelerate innovations toward more abundant, affordable, and reliable clean energy solutions. These efforts seek to revolutionize many sectors across the United States and will rely on fundamental science and innovative technology to be successful.

      The 29 projects were selected by competitive peer review under two DOE solicitations: the National Laboratory Program Announcement for Energy Earthshot Research Centers and the Funding Opportunity Announcement for Science Foundations for Energy Earthshots. Both solicitations covered the first six Energy Earthshots: Carbon Negative Shot™, Enhanced Geothermal Shot™, Floating Offshore Wind Shot™, Hydrogen Shot™, Industrial Heat Shot™, and Long Duration Storage Shot™. Since then, DOE announced a seventh: the Clean Fuels & Products Shot™.

      Science Foundations for Energy Earthshots™

      DOE’s Office of Science awarded a combined $69.1 million to researchers at 18 different universities across 14 states that will, for example, investigate hydrogen arc plasmas to make steelmaking carbon-free and how to make clean energy systems more resilient using exascale computer simulations and observations.

      • Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

      • California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

      • Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia

      • Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia

      • New York University, New York, New York

      • The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

      • University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

      • University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California

      • University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida

      • University of Hawai?i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawaii

      • University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

      • University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois

      • University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota

      • University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, Nevada

      • University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

      • The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas

      • Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

      • Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

      Energy Earthshot Research Centers

      The Energy Earthshot Research Centers will support multi-institutional, multi-disciplinary teams addressing key basic research challenges relevant to the Energy Earthshots. The centers will be housed at eight DOE National Laboratories and will receive a combined $195 million across four years.

      Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois

      • C-STEEL: Center for Steel Electrification by Electrosynthesis

      Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York

      • C4M: Center for Coupled Chemo-Mechanics of Cementitious Composites for EGS

      Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California

      • CIWE: Center for Ionomer-based Water Electrolysis

      • RESTOR-C: RESTORation of Soil Carbon by Precision Biological Strategies

      Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California

      • Terraforming Soil EERC: Accelerating Soil-Based Carbon Drawdown Through Advanced Genomics and Geochemistry

      National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

      • DEGREES: Degradation Reactions in Electrothermal Energy Storage

      • FLOWMAS: Floating Offshore Wind Modeling and Simulation

      Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

      • NEETER: Non-Equilibrium Energy Transfer for Efficient Reactions

      Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington

      • ACE-FWICC: Addressing Challenges in Energy: Floating Wind in a Changing Climate

      • CUSSP: Center for Understanding Subsurface Signals and Permeability

      Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey

      • PEHPr: Center for the Science of Plasma-Enhanced Hydrogen Production

      Total funding is $264 million for projects lasting up to 4 years in duration, with $100 million in Fiscal Year 2023 dollars and outyear funding contingent on congressional appropriations. The list of projects and more information can be found on the Office of Science Energy Earthshot initiative homepage.

      Selection for award negotiations is not a commitment by DOE to issue an award or provide funding. Before funding is issued, DOE and the applicants will undergo a negotiation process, and DOE may cancel negotiations and rescind the selection for any reason during that time.


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